Educational Test Scores, Education Spending, and Productivity in Public Education: National Trends and Evidence Across States and Over Time, 1990 – 2015

John Garen
University of Kentucky

Rex Bray

This study finds a decades-long, substantial rise in national educational funding but only very modest increases in test scores. These imply that productivity, as measured by test score points per dollar of funding, has steadily decreased. Funding variations across states and over time indicate a minimal association of funding to test scores, consistent with the decline in educational productivity.

Published: January, 2018

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